All Discussions Tagged 'discussion.Volunteers' - PTA Great Idea Bank 2010-12-29T19:47:37Z http://www.ptagreatideabank.org/forum/topic/listForTag?tag=discussion.Volunteers&feed=yes&xn_auth=no Heart Warning Signs in Obese 3-Year-Olds tag:www.ptagreatideabank.org,2010-03-07:2919887:Topic:12638 2010-03-07T18:11:18.638Z Paul Murphy http://www.ptagreatideabank.org/profile/PaulMurphy <div class="tb"><h1>Heart Warning Signs in Obese 3-Year-Olds</h1>  Please share.<br/><br/></div> <h2>Heart Warning Signs in Obese 3-Year-Olds</h2> <div class="subhead_fmt">Study Shows Young Obese Children Have High Levels of C-Reactive Protein</div> <div class="author_fmt">By <a href="http://www.webmd.com/susan-boyles">Salynn Boyles</a><br/>WebMD Health News</div> <div class="reviewedBy_fmt">Reviewed by <a href="http://www.webmd.com/elizabeth-klodas">Elizabeth Klodas, MD,…</a></div> <div class="tb"><h1>Heart Warning Signs in Obese 3-Year-Olds</h1>  Please share.<br/><br/></div> <h2>Heart Warning Signs in Obese 3-Year-Olds</h2> <div class="subhead_fmt">Study Shows Young Obese Children Have High Levels of C-Reactive Protein</div> <div class="author_fmt">By <a href="http://www.webmd.com/susan-boyles">Salynn Boyles</a><br/>WebMD Health News</div> <div class="reviewedBy_fmt">Reviewed by <a href="http://www.webmd.com/elizabeth-klodas">Elizabeth Klodas, MD, FACC</a></div> <br /> <br/> <p>March 1, 2010 -- <a href="http://children.webmd.com/obesity-children">Obese children</a> as young as age 3 show signs of inflammation similar to that linked to <a href="http://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/default.htm">heart<br/> disease</a> in adults, a new study shows.</p> <p>Researchers found much higher than expected levels of the inflammation indicator C-reactive protein, and two other inflammation markers, in <a href="http://www.webmd.com/diet/guide/what-is-obesity">obese</a> children enrolled in a nationwide health<br /> study.</p> <p>C-reactive protein (CRP) is considered by many to be an important early warning sign of <a href="http://www.webmd.com/heart/picture-of-the-heart">heart</a> disease and levels tend to be elevated in adults who are overweight or obese.</p> <p>But the study is among the first to suggest that obesity in very young children leads to elevated CRP and other markers of systemic inflammation.</p> <p>"This was definitely a surprise to us," pediatrician and study co-author Eliana M. Perrin, MD, MPH, of the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill<br /> tells WebMD. "The fact that we saw this in children as young as 3 could<br/> certainly be cause for concern."</p> <h3>Elevated CRP Common in Obese Kids</h3> <p>The study included more than 16,000 children between the ages of 1 and 17 who took part in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)<br /> between 1999 and 2006.</p> <p>Based on <a href="http://men.webmd.com/weight-loss-bmi">body mass index</a> (BMI) scores, the children were classified as <a href="http://www.webmd.com/diet/tc/healthy-weight-what-is-a-healthy-weight">healthy weight</a>, overweight, obese, and very obese.</p> <p>Nearly 70% fell into the <a href="http://men.webmd.com/weight-loss-bmi">healthy weight range</a>, 15% were overweight, 11% were obese, and 3.5% were very obese.</p> <p>Among children between the ages of 3 and 5, just over 42% of those who were very obese had elevated CRP levels, compared to about 17% of children who were<br /> classified as healthy weight.</p> <p>The difference was even greater for older children. More than four out of five (83%) very obese <a href="http://children.webmd.com/tc/growth-and-development-ages-15-to-18-years-promoting-healthy-growth-and-development">teens</a> between the ages of 15 and 17 had elevated CRP levels, compared to 18% of healthy-weight teens.</p> <p>Findings were similar with two other markers of systemic inflammation in adults: absolute neutrophil count (ANC) and ferritin/transferring saturation<br /> (E/T). In obese children, but not healthy-weight children, elevated E/T<br /> levels<br/> were seen beginning at age 6 and elevated ANC levels were found starting at age<br/> 9.</p> <p>The study was published today online, and will also appear in the April issue of <i>Pediatrics.</i></p> <p>"We measured these two other markers of inflammation just in case something quirky was going on with CRP," Perrin says. "What we saw was a remarkably<br /> consistent association between early obesity and inflammation."</p> <h3>Impact of Early Inflammation Unclear</h3> <p>The implications of this association with regard to <a href="http://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/guide/heart_disease_heart_attacks">heart attack</a> and <a href="http://www.webmd.com/stroke/default.htm">stroke</a> risk are less clear.</p> <p>Although childhood obesity is a known risk factor for developing type 2 <a href="http://diabetes.webmd.com/default.htm">diabetes</a> early in life, it is not yet known if the same is true for heart disease.</p> <p>"We really can't say what the extra years of inflammation portend for these children," Perrin says. "It is alarming, because of what we know about the<br /> relationship in adults. But I am cautious about over-interpreting the<br /> findings,<br/> because we simply don't know the implications for young children."</p> <br/> <br/> <div class="attribution_rdr"><div style="display: none;" class="related_reading_rdr" id="rltd-p-859"><h4>Top Picks</h4> <ul> <li class="first"><a href="http://www.webmd.com/parenting/bedwetting-solutions-8/bedwetting-causes">A Secret Problem for Many Kids</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.webmd.com/cold-and-flu/germ-fighting-guide-9/stopping-germs">What to Do When Your Kids Are Sick</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.webmd.com/parenting/slideshow-bedwetting">Photos: 12 Ways to Help Your Child Cope With Bedwetting</a></li> <li class="last"><a href="http://www.webmd.com/parenting/baby/baby-skin-10/default.htm">Baby Skin Problems, Rashes and Birthmarks</a></li> </ul> </div> <div class="pagination_fmt"><div class="right_fmt"><span class="current_fmt">1</span> <span class="pipe_fmt">|</span><br/> <a href="http://children.webmd.com/news/20100301/heart-disease-warning-signs-seen-in-3-year-olds?page=2" title="Page 2">2</a><br/> <div class="outline_fmt right"><a href="http://children.webmd.com/news/20100301/heart-disease-warning-signs-seen-in-3-year-olds?page=2">Next Page <span class="symbol_fmt">&gt;</span></a></div> </div> </div> </div> <br /> <h3>Impact of Early Inflammation Unclear continued...</h3> <p>Pediatrician Stephen Daniels, MD, of Children's Hospital Denver agrees that there is cause for concern.</p> <p>Daniels, who is a spokesman for the American Heart Association, did not take part in the study.</p> <p>"We really don't know the full impact of the obesity epidemic in children," he says. "But it is hard to imagine that [systemic] inflammation from a very<br /> early age would be a good thing."</p> <p>And there are indications that, just as with <a href="http://diabetes.webmd.com/guide/type-2-diabetes">type 2 diabetes</a>, the rise in obesity is leading to earlier heart disease.</p> <p>Just last week, researchers from the University of Cincinnati reported that more young- and middle-aged adults are having strokes, at the same time that<br /> the stroke rate is dropping among the elderly.</p> <p>In 2005, 7.3% of strokes occurred in people younger than age 45, compared to 4.5% in 1993. The average age of a stroke patient also dropped during this<br /> time, from age 71 to 68.</p> <p>The rise in obesity, <a href="http://www.webmd.com/hypertension-high-blood-pressure/default.htm">high blood pressure</a>, and diabetes among younger adults is widely believed to be the cause of this demographic shift.<span style="font-weight: bold;"><br/></span></p> <p><br/></p> Please share.